About the CSS
In the ancient and medieval India, the administrative and policy decisions were processed or facilitated by the courtiers in the Kingdom. During British Rule in India, the administrative and policy decisions were processed or facilitated mainly at two levels – major policy decisions used to come to India from the top Officials of British Empire situated in London for implementation and minor decisions were processed or facilitated by the officials of the British Empire posted in India. The Indian Civil Service (Commonly known as ‘ICS’) in which Indians were also a part of it, were the implementing agency for the execution of the policy directions emanated from the British Empire. Under the ICS Officers there were secretariat offices, which can be traced back as early as 1919, when the Imperial Secretariat Service came into being as one of the off-shoots of the recommendations of the Lewllyn-Smith Committee which had been set up on the eve of the introduction of the Montague Chelmsford Reforms. The Committee envisaged the Secretariat Organization in the nature of a pyramid, the apex of which was “the Secretary” and the base of the body of “Assistant Secretaries” (which even exist today with the designation of Section Officers).
After independence of India in 1947, the ‘Secretariat Offices’ developed and evolved into Central Secretariat, which spread across various Ministries/Departments. At present, the Central Government of India performs its functions through the Ministries/Departments, which are responsible for formulation of the policies of the Government and also for the execution and review of those policies. There are three services in the Central Secretariat viz.; Central Secretariat Service(CSS), Central Secretariat Stenographers’ Service(CSSS) and Central Secretariat Clerical Service(CSCS). Apart from these three services, IAS(Indian Administrative Service) and other All India Services(AIS) personnel also participate at the posts of Deputy Secretary/Director and above level through Central Staffing Scheme. The CSS has been providing a permanent bureaucratic set up in the core functioning of the Indian Governance, which ensures continuity in administration and policies. The CSS plays an important role in processing the documents/files/pieces of information and facilitation of decision making process in the Central Government Ministries/Departments.
With the rapid advancements in technology and exponential growth in size of economy, the fourth largest in the world, the CSS over a period of time has undergone radical and qualitative changes and the tasks performed by it have also become more complex, varied and function specific. The CSS Officers have, time and again, revealed their potentialities for being able to perform much larger and complex tasks and have acquainted themselves as creditably as members of other services. In the fast changing socio-economic scenario, the CSS Officers have transformed themselves from time to time and there is many a challenge ahead of us. The challenges include, amongst other things, speedier decision making process & transparency in the Central Secretariat, which could match the pace with the fast changing face of Indian economy and to ensure the removal of impediments and simplification of procedures/rules, which come in the way of overall growth.
Higher Positions in Bureaucracy held by CSS Officers
- Shri P N Kripal, 1964, M/o Education
- Shri Hari Sharma 1966, M/o Home Affairs, and later Member of UPSC
- Shri A J Kidwai, 1974, M/o Information & Broadcasting
- Shri N P Dubey, 1975, M/o Labour
- Dr. D.B. Singh, at present, Rajya Sabha Secretariat
Some other CSS Officers who held important positions are:-
- Shri P S Subramaniam, 1963, Deputy Election Commissioner
- Shri T S Parsuraman, 1963, Chairman Marmugao Port
- Shri S K Ghosh, 1963, Deputy Chairman, Calcutta Port Commission
- Shri L R Sethi, 1964, Cultural Counsellor, Indian Embassy, Washington
- Shri C A Subramaniam, 1964, CMD, Hindustan Organic & Chemicals
- Shri Raj Kumar, 1964, Financial Adviser, High commission, London
- Shri P V Gopalan, 1966, Director of Relief Measures & Refugees, Govt. of Zambia
- Shri J N Moniaive, 1966, counsellor Embassy of India Rome
- Shri B D Kumar, 1967, Director (ISM) Washington
- Shri G W Balchandani, 1967, FA & CAO Bhutan
- Shri Kumarmagalam, 1968, MD Neyvelli Lignite Ltd.
- Shri K Shankar an 1969 FA High Commission of India London
- Shri H K Kochar, 1970, DG ISD London